Brain Injury Symptoms in Adults and Children


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Traumatic brain injuries can be caused by impacts to the head or body, with the most common causes being:

  • Falls: The very young or elderly are more at risk of a TBI if there is a blow to the head or body.
  • Sports injuries: These are more common in high-impact sports, such as football, combat sports, hockey, skateboarding, etc.
  • Vehicle accidents: It is always important to wear a helmet or the appropriate safety gear (such as seatbelts).
  • Toxic substances: Exposure to carbon monoxide or chemicals can damage neurons.
  • Lack of oxygen: Associated with drowning and smoke inhalation. Even if just for a few moments, it can cause brain damage. 

After any of these events, it is important to identify the warning signs and symptoms of a TBI.

In Adults:

There are multiple signs that make a brain injury very obvious, such as:

  • Headaches
  • Confusion and difficulty speaking
  • Dizziness and problems with balance
  • Bruising and/or bleeding
  • Nausea or vomiting

However, there are also other warning signs that you may not be as familiar with:

  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Abnormal changes in mood: laughing or crying
  • Impulsivity

In Children:

Children may not be able to communicate particular pain or emotional/sensory conditions. This is why parents and guardians should observe them carefully if they suspect they may have sustained a brain injury. Some things to look for are:

  • Sudden change in eating habits
  • Disrupted sleeping habits
  • No longer showing interest in toys or activities they used to consider fun
  • No longer able to pay attention or focus
  • Persistent crying

What to do if an adult/child has symptoms of TBI

It is always best to seek medical help first. In case the TBI was caused by someone else’s negligence, it’s important to look for a specialized lawyer that makes sure that you receive the protection and care you need.