Traumatic brain injuries can be caused by impacts to the head or body, with the most common causes being:
- Falls: The very young or elderly are more at risk of a TBI if there is a blow to the head or body.
- Sports injuries: These are more common in high-impact sports, such as football, combat sports, hockey, skateboarding, etc.
- Vehicle accidents: It is always important to wear a helmet or the appropriate safety gear (such as seatbelts).
- Toxic substances: Exposure to carbon monoxide or chemicals can damage neurons.
- Lack of oxygen: Associated with drowning and smoke inhalation. Even if just for a few moments, it can cause brain damage.
After any of these events, it is important to identify the warning signs and symptoms of a TBI.
There are multiple signs that make a brain injury very obvious, such as:
- Confusion and difficulty speaking
- Dizziness and problems with balance
- Bruising and/or bleeding
- Nausea or vomiting
However, there are also other warning signs that you may not be as familiar with:
- Bad taste in the mouth
- Anxiety or depression
- Abnormal changes in mood: laughing or crying
Children may not be able to communicate particular pain or emotional/sensory conditions. This is why parents and guardians should observe them carefully if they suspect they may have sustained a brain injury. Some things to look for are:
- Sudden change in eating habits
- Disrupted sleeping habits
- No longer showing interest in toys or activities they used to consider fun
- No longer able to pay attention or focus
- Persistent crying
What to do if an adult/child has symptoms of TBI
It is always best to seek medical help first. In case the TBI was caused by someone else’s negligence, it’s important to look for a specialized lawyer that makes sure that you receive the protection and care you need.