Basic Brain Anatomy

The brain is a complex organ that is susceptible to numerous ways of being damaged or injured. If you or a loved one has experienced a brain injury, it may be helpful to understand the basic anatomy and functions of the human brain. The human brain controls countless aspects of our thinking, feelings, movements, and interactions with others. At Thorson Law Group, we feel that it is important for everyone to be as informed as possible. To learn more, read below or contact us today.

Brain Anatomy

The Cerebral Cortex is the broad outermost area of the brain involved in higher functions like decision-making. It includes the:

  • Occipital Lobe – responsible for visual perception, including color, shape, and motion.
  • Parietal Lobe – responsible for processing sensory information, such as touch, taste, and temperature.
  • Frontal Lobe – considered the emotional and behavioral control center of the brain, and thought to be the key to an individual’s personality
  • Temporal Lobe – believed to play an important role in processing emotions, language, and some parts of visual perception.

The Cerebellum is located in the base of the brain, near the spine. It helps with the coordination of movement, balance, equilibrium, and posture.

The Brain Stem is located at the base of the brain and top of the spinal cord. It is responsible for vital functions such as breathing, consciousness, blood pressure, heart rate, and sleep.

The Basal Ganglia is a cluster of nerve tissue at the brain’s core that is believed to aid in the coordination between different parts of the brain. It is thought to help in action selection– or the decision-making process.

At the San Diego County law firm of Thorson Law Group, we are trial lawyers who can win challenging brain injury cases. We will help you get the medical care you need while developing your case and fighting for the compensation and justice you deserve. We are the experts.